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  • Home Placement
  • Our Follow-up

Follow up and post home placement support

    1. Primary beneficiaries: children, parents and other members in the family
    2. Secondary beneficiaries: relatives, community, local government bodies, school, government departments
    3. Interventions:

Interventions

Why

    • Contacting parents over phone
    • Meeting parent and children through home visits
    • Collecting information about the child through stakeholders including NGOs, Police, Postal department, academic institutes etc.
    • Compiling information and analysis of the same
    • Post home placement support for education/ medical treatment/ mental health services
    • To understand the status of children, changes in the behavior and attitude of children after home placement, existence of push and pull factors.
    • To observe and understand growth and development of child in families
    • Linkage between children and Stakeholders for further support for education or skill training
    • To understand the retention rate and need of post home placement support
  • Ensures the development and growth of child and prevent the child revert back to street
    1. Relationship between interventions

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    1. Services and Advocacy

Service components

Advocacy component

Contacting children and parents over phone, through home visits and/ or stakeholders

Post home placement assistance Compiling information and data analysis for circulation among stakeholders and post home placement support

    1. Nature of collaboration
    • With NGOs
        • Collect information on the status of children
        • Counseling assistance after home placement/ during follow up period
        • Reference for education and skill training
        • Support for education
      • With Government
        • Local government bodies: Information collection,  post home placement support, accommodation, conveyance and  food during home visits, continuous guidance or counseling for parents and children
        • School: Educational support, information collection, guidance and advice for parents
        • Police: help locating address and help to get support from the community
      • With Railways, CWC, Media
        • No role
      • With professional
        • Detailed studies on the growth and development of children from difficult family situations
      • With community;
        • Information collection,  guidance and advice for children and parents through opinion leaders, post home placement support, accommodation, food and local conveyance during home visits
    1. Compulsory values
    1. Have a pattern of regular follow up over phone
    2. Give due emphasis for the information given by the children
    3. Collecting information on the recurrence of the problem
    4. Home visits of children from difficult family situations
    5. Information collection is being done through senior/ experienced staff
    6. Post home placement support extended to children with real need
    1. How do the staff organize themselves
    1. Mainly counselor and senior street educators engage in collecting information
    2. Prepare list of children before collecting information
    3. Prepare a questionnaire
    4. Senior and experienced staff collect information
    5. Repeat prepare in the list after collecting information: children at home, going school, working, idle at home, revert back to street and need of post home placement support
    6. Make linkage between the family and community
    7. Compile the data and enclose photographs of home visits
    1. Assessing the outcome:

Quantitative

Qualitative

    • Increase in the number of children contacted
    • Increase in the number of children staying at home
    • Increase in the number of children going to school
    • Increase in the linkage between NGOs, local self governments, CBOs and opinion leaders
    • Phone calls from parents and children
  • Increase in the number of children who benefit from post home placement support
    • Improvement in the relationship between child and parents
    • Decrease in the use of substances
    • Positive changes in the child and in the family
  • Practicing any of the camp activities at home
  • Going school regularly and scoring good marks in the exams
  • Positive changes in the attitude of neighbors toward child

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    1. What more required to be done?
    • Improve linkage with NGOs, opinion leaders, Anganwadies, CBOs, Government departments
    • Separate staff for follow ups and post home placement
    • Separate funding to conduct home visits
    • Sensitizing communities where there high number of run away children
    • Facilitate to extend the coverage of government schemes to children and family in need

HOME PLACEMENT, FOLLOW-UP AND POST HOME PLACE SUPPORT

What we are doing What should we continue to do What we should stop doing
First Information of child

P

Individual Counseling

P

Group Counseling

P

Equal attention for missing, Fresh and New Child

T

Decision on Home Placement

P

Follow Criteria for HP

P

Address Tracing

P

Parents Counseling

P

Child & Parents Counseling

P

Involvement of Authorities

P

Physical Hand over

P

Child profile Filling. Photo, letter from parents  and other documentation

P

What new work should we do and why?

Why

Assess the family Situation
Assess the problem
Social support System
Recognize the positive factors in the family
This will tell us when to home place/ not to home place.  This will help us in taking appropriate decision in home placement
Difficult and Confusion cases Involve seniors or seek advice from experts
Home placement should not take place- when  Child or parents Refuses                      Parents
C
H
I
L
D
Agree Refuses
Agree

P

  ?*

Refuses

?*

T

 

We need to think- take some time to rework on the case, few more round of counseling and settle.Assess post Home placement supportDuring the time of home placement it has to be done and to be provided immediately after reunification.Regular Communication with Children In those cases – where the child was home placed in difficult home situationTaking Stand not to Home place Difficult home situation – 3 or more than 3 factors – should not be home placed – find alternative.Involve Academician/Professionals/CWC Hold small reunion ceremony- involve them – to sensitized them- seek advice.Call the person- with whom the child has faced problem During the time of counseling – if possible call the person- may teacher, neighbour, relatives etc.Efforts need to be put – depending upon the case Missing case – just advice – within 1 day
Fresh Case –  little efforts – 2-3 days
New Case –   Put  efforts-    5-7 days Child Profile Need to be revised depending upon the cases.

Follow-up and Post HP Support

What we are doing

What should we continue to do What we should stop doing
Children home placed in a quarter – telephonic follow-up is done – 4 times.

 

 

 

  • Talk with child and parents
  • What the child doing
  • Problem of the child
  • Change in the behaviour of child

Once telephonic follow-up is fine Doing 4 times telephonic follow-up Physical follow-up – in needed cases.

 Post HP Support

What new work should we do and why?
Improvement

Why

Children Home placement in Difficult Home Situation Follow-up till six months (physically and telephonic)
Increase network with NGOs, CWC, Police, Village panchyath Take help for follow-up
We should test few cases- through police for follow-up.  As there response is good in address tracing.
Emphasize on post HP support Make a check list in what cases the support need to provided.
Most of the  children enrolled in camp – need support
Regular touch with HP support
Idle children at home – need to be study and provide support
Documentation Write cases on physically  Follow-up- to understand the developments.
Study After providing HP support need to study – how the support has helped the child and family.

 

Why we do follow up

Rehabilitation of a child who has moved out of its home can happen in couple of ways. Reintegration of the child back home with parents is one approach. Many NGOs say that the reintegration of the child back home is the first priority.

If one see the number of children actually repatriated by NGOs, is very small compared to the number of children the NGO has handled. That is so because a few NGOs believe that in case of majority of the children, reintegration of the child back with parents is not feasible as the family could be dysfunctional and reintegration is not the best option compared to other options. Sending a child back home when the home is not good, may result in the child moving out of the house again and our efforts are wasted.

SATHI’s experience is that the reintegration of the child back with parents is feasible very often. There is the question of whether it is the best option needs to be further explored. At SATHI we thought that, after we reintegrate the child back home, if the child continues to stay back at home for considerable time period, and the child says it is happy, then the home placement in that case should be termed as successful.

The onus to check if the home placements we do are successful and whether the child continues at home or not after the repatriation lies with us. So we do the follow up to check if the children we are home placing are actually at home or running away again. We went back to the child’s home to check whether the child is there and whether both the child and the parents are happy.

While we accept that these sampling for these follow up may not stand the rigors of “research methodology”, it is detailed genuine information that is collected from time to time.

After some 5 such follow up over the last 5 years, we have noted that some 65% to 80% of the children continue to stay at home.
It re-affirms our fundamental belief that a large percent of the street children can be placed back at home.